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Monday, May 23, 2016

DIABETES MELLITUS

Diabetes Mellitus:


Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease, very serious, and produced because the pancreas is unable to produce the hormone insulin. Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, eating junk food, aging and family heritage are the main causes of diabetes mellitus. Health complications caused by diabetes are very serious and endanger the lives of people who suffer. Diabetes mellitus has become a global epidemic.


Our body needs energy to function properly. We need energy and our body gets through the food we eat. We need energy to walk, to breathe, to produce the beating of our heart and to each and every one of the vital functions of our body. Glucose is the main source of energy for the cells of our body. Glucose receive it when eating our foods containing carbohydrates ie sugars and starches they are transformed into glucose through a process called metabolism. Glucose travels the circulatory system. The pancreas begins to secrete insulin to all of this glucose is carried to the muscles, to fat and to our liver where it is used or stored as energy reserve.
However, if not our pancreas secretes insulin or produces too little to deal with this mechanism, we will be in serious health problems. Insulin is responsible to carry glucose from the blood into the cell. In other words, insulin is the key that unlocks the door of the cell to be filled with energy by allowing glucose to enter it. The chart below describes this process.



If there is not enough to open the cell door insulin, all of this glucose will travel through the bloodstream damaging vital organs, nerves and arteries. 

The normal blood sugar levels in a healthy person range from 70 to 120 mg / dl while fasting.

Types of diabetes:


It has been found that both I Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Mellitus II and has high genetic component.

Type I Diabetes Mellitus
Type II Diabetes Mellitus
Gestational diabetes

Diabetes I: Genetic or hereditary cause.

Type I diabetes can be diagnosed before 35 years of age, although it may be present in children and young people as well. In type 1 diabetes the body does not produce insulin.

Manual application of insulin. Puncture sites should be rotated to avoid creating fibrous tissue that prevent effective insulin absorption.



Currently we have modern digital devices called infusion pumps to self-inject insulin to the body. Its cost is approximately US $ 5000 plus accessories such as infusion sets, cartridges and insulin properly which increases costs greatly. It should be available with a prescription from the treating internist to achieve get one. Otherwise you can not acquire. The person himself places a  small needle under skin, and it must be replaced every 3 days to prevent infection.



Diabetes Mellitus Type II:


Sedentary II diabetes, poor diet, aging and obesity have soared figures diabetes worldwide. Changes in lifestyle reduces the risk of developing Type II Diabetes Mellitus. Hence the importance of taking control of this disease, preventing time, spending 30 minutes a day of walking, exercise, dancing, cycling and eating healthily especially respecting the schedules, controlling portion sizes and avoiding junk food. If you smoke, you should try as much as possible to give up the habit because coupled with diabetes only entail more health complications.


If junk food is the main fuel to increase the risk of type II diabetes, then we have the power and control what we put in our mouths. It is our decision to live long and healthily.

We should consume about 2,000 calories per day. As shown in the illustration junk food consumed 1100 calories and if we add breakfast, afternoon coffee, dinner and snacks notice that easily spend limit daily calorie intake producing a major risk factor in us for many diseases as is obesity.
Gestational diabetes:



Gestational Diabetes:

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy, leading to increased blood sugar from the mother and this in turn moves the baby, resulting in overweight children. It is important to monitor mothers who develop diabetes during pregnancy because complications can occur during pregnancy, childbirth. This type of Diabetes can disappear after childbirth, however,  some mothers come to suffer from diabetes mellitus in the future.


COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES MELLITUS:


Let's keep in mind that Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic, and eventually can damage heart, eyes, nerves, kidneys and blood vessels. Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke. Diabetic neuropathy or poor blood supply favors the appearance of foot ulcers, infections, and ultimately may even reach amputation. 

Why diabetic person should put special care of feet? 


The damage caused by Diabetes Mellitus on blood vessels of the eye is known as Retinopathy and long-term causes blindness. The kidney damage due to diabetes mellitus is another consequence of this serious disease, hence the importance of trying as much as possible to keep sugar levels as much as you can to reduce important damage to your organs.

TREATMENT AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The difference in the treatment of both diabetes  I and II is that in the Diabetes I the person must need to inject insulin  because your pancreas is not producing it. However, it is important to note that insulin treatment must be coupled with a commitment from the diabetic person, by eating healthy, eating the right portions, respecting the times and especially doing minimal exercise 30 minutes a day. By eating healthily noticed the difference in our blood sugar levels.

You must take a strict daily control of blood glucose by the device called a glucometer. Do not forget to implement a control calorie intake and follow a well-balanced diet. It is vital in both types of diabetes maintain a normal body weight and control lipids or fats in the blood.

30 minutes of exercise a day / 5 days a week.

Diabetes type II is very likely that the doctor  will prescribe some pills to prevent and keep your blood sugar controlled. You should follow the same recommendations given to Diabetic Type I are walking, control calorie intake, and have regular blood sugars at home if possible.



For Type II diabetics  the great news is that if they improve their quality of life, avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, junk food and exercising daily so sure that will keep your controlled glucose, and some may even dispense medicines, medical clearance. When all necessary measures are implemented to keep blood sugar under control, you can get to enjoy a long and happy life.

I hope this hope has been useful for you. Please share and thanks for visiting my blog. Cynthia R.